• Livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    Livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    The recording systems outlined present a package of practical records for beef producers. They can be changed to suit your particular needs.

    Daily routine worksheet

    The number of records maintained and the detail recorded will vary according to individual needs and how the information is to be used. Each record should have a specific objective and be used for that purpose. This Agfact, the first of the two-part series, looks at property and whole-herd record-keeping options, and management planning.

    While the emphasis is on commercial herd records, the options apply to seedstock producers as well. Record keeping is a key component of managing an efficient farm business.

    Records are needed not only for legal, financial and taxation purposes but also for maintaining a permanent record of the farm business, analysing the business, monitoring day-to-day activities, and future planning. Keep your record system simple and concise. It is worth recording only the information you will use. This applies to both physical and financial aspects of your farm business.

    Records should be transferred to a summary sheet for easy interpretation and should ideally be linked to your financial recording system. Computers are rapidly becoming the preferred and most efficient form of record keeping. Software is continually being developed, enabling relevant information to be entered quickly and easily. Such programs not only store information but can be used to analyse data and generate simple or detailed production and financial summaries.

    Various programs are available according to the level of record keeping required.

    livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    Almost every producer maintains a farm diary. It is used to record major activities carried out on the property. Individual requirements will determine the entries made and the detail recorded.

    Beef Cattle Production and Management Training Manual

    Specially designed rural diaries allow you to keep simple, specific records under prepared headings. Most of these diaries contain livestock recording sections, allowing you to keep all your stock information in one book.

    Most farmers also have a pocket notebook to record day-to-day activities. These notes should be regularly transferred to the farm diary or computer.

    A farm map, drawn to scale, showing features such as paddock fencelines, dams, yards, windmills, underground pipe locations, access roads and tracks etc. Drawn up and framed on a backing board, it can be covered in glass or clear plastic, or be attached to a pinboard.

    livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    Use felt-tipped pens to record details on glass-covered or clear-plastic-covered maps. Use drawing pins for pinboard-mounted maps. Alternatively, computer programs are available to produce farm maps. A paddock book is the master record for paddock history information.

    The main purpose of keeping a paddock book is to observe long-term trends. Details to record include:. Additional information may include pasture quality and quantity details and returns from each paddock.

    9 Best Management Practices For Sustainable Livestock Production

    The livestock book is kept as a permanent record, filled in each month from entries in the farm diary or from the paddock book. It is a summary of the movements and management of your livestock throughout the year. Both male M and female F numbers usually need to be known, e.Production Management refers to the application of management principles to the production function in a factory.

    In other words, production management involves application of planning, organizing, directing and controlling the production process.

    The application of management to the field of production has been the result of at least three developments:. Until the emergence of the concept of manufacturing, there was no such thing as management as we know it. It is true that people operated business of one type or another, but for the most part, these people were owners of business and did not regard themselves as managers as well. It is observed that one cannot demarcate the beginning and end points of Production Management in an establishment.

    The reason is that it is interrelated with many other functional areas of business, viz. Alternately, Production Management is not independent of marketing, financial and personnel management due to which it is very difficult to formulate some single appropriate definition of Production Management.

    It lays stress on materialistic features only.

    livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    So that the resulting goods and services are produced in accordance with the quantitative specifications and demand schedule with minimum cost. According to this definition design and control of the production system are two main functions of production management.

    This definition explains the main areas of an enterprise where the principles of production management can be applied. This definition clearly points out that production management is not a set of techniques. It is evident from above definitions that production planning and its control are the main characteristics of production management. The definitions discussed above clearly shows that the concept of production management is related mainly to the organizations engaged in production of goods and services.

    Earlier these organizations were mostly in the form of one man shops having insignificant problems of managing the productions. But with development and expansion of production organizations in the shape of factories more complicated problems like location and lay out, inventory control, quality control, routing and scheduling of the production process etc. This resulted in the development of production management in the area of factory management. In the beginning the main function of production management was to control labour costs which at that time constituted the major proportion of costs associated with production.

    But with development of factory system towards mechanization and automation the indirect labour costs increased tremendously in comparison to direct labour costs, e. The planning and control of all these activities required more expertise and special techniques. However, the responsibility of determining the output characteristics and the distribution strategy followed by an organization including pricing and selling policies are normally outside the scope of Production Management.Farm managementmaking and implementing of the decisions involved in organizing and operating a farm for maximum production and profit.

    Farm management draws on agricultural economics for information on prices, markets, agricultural policy, and economic institutions such as leasing and credit. It also draws on plant and animal sciences for information on soils, seed, and fertilizer, on control of weeds, insects, and disease, and on rations and breeding; on agricultural engineering for information on farm buildings, machinery, irrigation, crop drying, drainage, and erosion control systems; and on psychology and sociology for information on human behaviour.

    In making his decisions, a farm manager thus integrates information from the biological, physical, and social sciences. Because farms differ widely, the significant concern in farm management is the specific individual farm; the plan most satisfactory for one farm may be most unsatisfactory for another. Farm management problems range from those of the small, near-subsistence and family-operated farms to those of large-scale commercial farms where trained managers use the latest technological advances, and from farms administered by single proprietors to farms managed by the state.

    In Southeast Asia the manager of the typical small farm with ample labour, limited capital, and only four to eight acres 1.

    Production Management : it’s Meaning, Definition, Function and Scope

    Use of early maturing crop varieties; efficient scheduling of the sequence of land preparation, planting, and harvesting; use of seedbeds and transplanting operations for intensive land use through multiple cropping; efficient use of irrigation and commercial fertilizer; and selection of chemicals to control insects, diseases, and weeds—all of these are possible measures for increasing production and income from each unit of land.

    In western Europe the typical family farmer has less land than is economical with modern machinery, equipment, and levels of education and training, and so must select from the products of an emerging stream of technology the elements that promise improved crop and livestock yields at low cost; adjust his choice of products as relative prices and costs change; and acquire more land as farm labour is attracted by nonfarm employment opportunities and farm numbers decline.

    On a typical acre hectare corn-belt farm in the United States with a labour force equivalent to two full-time men, physical conditions and available technologies allow a wide range of options in farming systems. To reach a satisfactory income requires operating on an increasing scale of output and increasing specialization. Corn and soybean cash-crop farming systems have increased in number along with corn-hog-fattening farms and corn-beef-fattening farms.

    Thus, the choice of a farming system, the degree of specialization to be chosen, the size of operation, and the method of financing are top concerns of management.

    With 30 to 40 workers per establishment, procuring and managing the labour—keeping abreast of demand and supply conditions for hired labour, working out contractual arrangements wage rates and other incentivesdeciding how to combine labour with other inputs, and supervising the work force—are of critical importance.

    A rancher with thousands of acres, whether in the pampas of Argentina, the plains of Australia, or the prairies of the United States, is concerned about the rate of increase of the herd through births and purchases and herd composition—cows, calves, yearlings, steers, heifers.

    Risks from drought, winter storms, and price changes can be high. Weather, prospective yields, and the price outlook are the constant concern of competent and alert farm managers. On a collective farm in the Soviet Union with 30, acres 12, hectares and workers, major management decisions are made by party—state representatives; the collective-farm chairman responds largely to their directives, though the farm manager is being given greater autonomy.

    Major management concerns are determining optimal size of the collectiveimproving labour incentives, increasing crop and livestock yields, and reducing unit costs—with emphasis on levels of fertilizer, on pesticide and herbicide use, and on conservation of soil and water in crop production.

    Future agricultural progress depends on improving the quality of management and the environment in which farmers make decisions and on helping them adjust their decisions to the changing environment. In the low-income agricultures of the world in the s, expanded research, improved input supplies and transport facilities, enlarged market opportunities, and an otherwise encouraging environment promise to open up a much wider area for managerial choice and decision making.

    Farm management. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Farm management agriculture. Written By: Milton E. See Article History.

    Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Livestock feed resources, production and management in the agro-pastoral system of the Hindu Kush — Karakoram — Himalayan region of Pakistan: The effect of accessibility Agricultural Systems, Juergen Clemens.

    Farman Ali. Ataullah Baig. Iain Gordon. Pilar Frutos.

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    David Miller. Abdur Rahman. Atiqur Rehman. Alan Duncan. Iain Wright. Livestock feed resources, production and management in the agro-pastoral system of the Hindu Kush — Karakoram — Himalayan region of Pakistan: The effect of accessibility.

    One village from each of the three main agro-ecological zones within the region was selected in each transport infrastructure transect. Results showed that aver- age landholding size was 1. The amount of fodder stored for livestock was higher in the Karakoram Highway transect than in the Gilgit—Ghizer Region transect.

    There was more selling of livestock in the Gilgit—Ghizer Region transect and the use of draught animals was also more prevalent in the Gilgit—Ghizer Region. In conclusion, the survey results reveal a traditional small-holder system with heavy reliance on livestock.

    Householders in the lower altitude zones and those close to transport infrastructure appear to rely less heavily on livestock for income but have fodder resources which are more appropriate for their complement of livestock.

    All rights reserved. E-mail address: a. Rahman et al. Introduction ers from low-value cereals toward higher-value fruits and orchards.

    Record keeping and management planning

    The region is semi-arid, though with irrigation, In a previous paper, the results of a detailed quantitative the land can sustain subsistence arable cropping, fruit pro- study of herd dynamics and feed resources were reported duction, livestock production and, to an increasing extent, Duncan et al.

    In the work reported here, a ques- cash cropping Kreutzmann, Home About Contact. About Me. Various systems of livestock production-extensive — semi intensive- intensive mixed. Definition of breed-classification of indigenous, exotic cattle and buffaloes — Breed characteristics of Sindhi, Kangayam and Umblacherry, Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Murrah and Surti. Breeding- importance of cross breeding.

    Signs of estrous cycle-Artificial insemination merits and demerits. Housing management-farm site selection-space requirement for calves, heifer, milch animal and work bullocks-Type design of house. Systems of housing-Single row system-Double row system- head to head and tail to tail-merits and demerits.

    Care and management of new born calf and heifers. Care and management of pregnant, lactating animals and work bullocks. Preservatives and common adulterants of milk. Mastitis and its control, Foot and Mouth Disease. Zoonotic diseases — prevention and control Anthrax, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, and Rabies Sheep and Goat Farming —Classification of Breeds of Indian and exotic origin-nomenclature alone.

    Systems of rearing-Housing management- Type design- Floor diagram-Space Requirement for adult and young stock. Care and management of ram, ewe and lamb- Nutrition Feeds and fodder for small Ruminants. Swine Husbandry —Common breeds of exotic origin-nomenclature alone housing of pigs. Control and prevention of swine diseases —Hog cholera, Foot and mouth, Ecto and Endoparasites. Classification of poultry viz. Care and management of day old chicks-Brooder management. Systems of housing- Deep litter and cage systems — merits and demerits.

    Care and management of layers. Care and management of broilers. Poultry Nutrition-Feed formulation-composition of chick mash grower, layer, broiler starter and finisher mashes. Marketing channels in poultry-Integration. Classification of Poultry diseases-Viral-Bacterial-Protozoan- causative organisms, symptoms and prevention — Viral diseases — Ranikhet disease — Infectious bursal disease.

    Bacterial diseases-E. Nutritional deficiency diseases and its control.

    livestock production and management in hindi pdf

    Download PDF. You can also watch the online video lecture of Livestock Production And Management e course which will be more helpful to easily understand the lecture.

    Farm management

    We have embedded it here under fair uses for educational purposes only. Facebook Twitter. Join Us. Follow By Email. Popular Posts. Featured Post.How to Download Book Full Guide. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Various systems of livestock production-extensive — semi intensive- intensive mixed. Definition of breed-classification of indigenous, exotic cattle and buffaloes — Breed characteristics of Sindhi, Kangayam and Umblacherry, Jersey, Holstein Friesian, Murrah and Surti.

    Breeding- importance of cross breeding. Signs of estrous cycle-Artificial insemination merits and demerits. Housing management-farm site selection-space requirement for calves, heifer, milch animal and work bullocks-Type design of house.

    Systems of housing-Single row system-Double row system- head to head and tail to tail-merits and demerits. Care and management of new born calf and heifers. Care and management of pregnant, lactating animals and work bullocks. Preservatives and common adulterants of milk.

    Mastitis and its control, Foot and Mouth Disease. Zoonotic diseases — prevention and control Anthrax, Tuberculosis, Brucellosis, and Rabies Sheep and Goat Farming —Classification of Breeds of Indian and exotic origin-nomenclature alone. Systems of rearing-Housing management- Type design- Floor diagram-Space Requirement for adult and young stock. Care and management of ram, ewe and lamb- Nutrition Feeds and fodder for small Ruminants.

    Swine Husbandry —Common breeds of exotic origin-nomenclature alone housing of pigs. Control and prevention of swine diseases —Hog cholera, Foot and mouth, Ecto and Endoparasites. Classification of poultry viz. Care and management of day old chicks-Brooder management. Systems of housing- Deep litter and cage systems — merits and demerits.

    Care and management of layers. Care and management of broilers.

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    Poultry Nutrition-Feed formulation-composition of chick mash grower, layer, broiler starter and finisher mashes. Marketing channels in poultry-Integration. Classification of Poultry diseases-Viral-Bacterial-Protozoan- causative organisms, symptoms and prevention — Viral diseases — Ranikhet disease — Infectious bursal disease.

    Bacterial diseases-E. Nutritional deficiency diseases and its control. Previous article. Agrimoon is more powerful knowledge for agricultural student…. Leave a Reply Cancel reply.Sc Agriculture. The courseware material is prepared as per ICAR approved syllabus for the benefit of under-graduate students already enrolled in Indian Agricultural Universities.

    Disclaimer: The information on this website does not warrant or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of the courseware contents. The contents are provided free for noncommercial purpose such as teaching, training, research, extension and self learning.

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    If anyone have current affairs related to agriculture so plz send. If ugc is not there but it is recognized by state students can write of pg exams like icar exams. Sir when will biochemistry PDF will be available? I have to study that subject for my college examination helding next month. This is a problem in your website. Thank you sir. It is very necessary for us.

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